It has a fully chromatic range from D4 to C 6. Based on extremely high quality individual audio samples of each note of the three banks of a top quality Irish button accordion. The individual reed banks may be enabled or disabled, and combined for dry vs. The volume of each reed bank may be set independently. Touch the “i” icon to bring up the settings page. All settings saved when the app exits and restored next time it is run. When Charles Wheatsone designed the English concertina, he set it up to match sheet music, one side is the notes between the lines and the other is the notes on the lines. Because English concertinas play the same note both on a push or a pull of the bellows, it is a very easy instrument to play on the iPhone or iPod Touch. You simply touch the buttons on the screen to play the notes. To play, hold the iPhone or iPod Touch between your thumb and little fingers of both hands, exactly like a real English concertina, and press the buttons with your index and middle fingers.
One more step
The action of a concertina is one of the most important parts of the instrument. An instrument with a even balanced action is easier to play. Basically there are two types of actions used in vintage concertinas; riveted, as used by Wheatstone, and the ‘hook’ action which you’ll find in Lachenal concertinas.
Some Notes on Lachenal Concertina Production and Serial Numbers by Stephen Chambers New evidence for the role played by Louis Lachenal in the early manufacturing history of C. Wheatstone & Co., and some points of reference to use in seeking to date Lachenal concertinas.
Wheatstone and Lachenal Dates of Manufacture Wes Williams has written an excellent article on this subject which, if you have access to the Internet, can be read at: If you own a Lachenal concertina you can help! Send Chris Algar of Barleycorn Concertinas see section 9, Shops and Dealers a note or an email giving a brief description of your Lachenal concertina and its number. If you still have the original bill of sale or any other way of dating its purchase with certainty so much the better!
If you have a Wheatstone concertina and you can identify the serial number it is normally on one end then this list will tell you the year of manufacture. Sometimes, if the label has been lost from the baffle in the older instruments, it can also be found stamped inside the bellows frame, in the treble-most slots of the reed pan, and on the reed-pan side of the action-box. Bob Gaskins has done much research in this area, and he summarises his conclusions as follows: During these 37 years Wheatstone manufactured about 2, Englishes and Duets, with serial numbers from about through , and some 9, Anglos, with serial numbers from through Read the full article here.
Dating Lachenal concertinas is unfortunately very hit and miss. I have been told that when Wheatstone took Lachenal over they burnt all their records – an act of real vandalism when seen from a modern perspective. Nowadays I consider these formulae to be flawed to the point of unusability, but see Wes Williams’ article for greater accuracy.
Celtic Accordion: Raw Notes for a Chapter of My Book
Accordion , harmonica , melodeon A concertina is a free-reed musical instrument , like the various accordions and the harmonica. It has a bellows, and buttons typically on both ends of it. When pressed, the buttons travel in the same direction as the bellows, unlike accordion buttons, which travel perpendicularly to the bellows. Also, each button produces one note, while accordions typically produce chords with a single button. The concertina was developed in England and Germany, most likely independently.
The English version was invented in by Sir Charles Wheatstone, who filed a patent for an improved version in
The nineteenth-century ledgers were formerly part of the Concertina Museum collection assembled by Neil Wayne, which was purchased for the Horniman Museum with the generous support of the Heritage Lottery Fund and the MGC/Science Museum PRISM Fund.
As it is a basic tutor model, it had the C keys marked in red. The ends are wooden fretwork, cracked in places and with small sections missing. The bellows are black, and abraded in areas, with green stars on white coloured patterned transfer on each segment. At the other end is a serial number, originally thought to be , dating it from around The original thin white linen baffles are present. It has its original wooden box with velvet lining.
Unfortunately this holds it in an ‘ends-up’ position, which is not good for it. It is an English concertina, which means that it produces the same note when a key is pressed, regardless of whether the bellows are going in or out. The other main type of concertina is the Anglo, which gives different notes according to bellows direction, like a mouth organ does.
It was indeed in condition “for parts or not working” as described, and not playable. The biggest problem is a very badly cracked pad board at one end and smaller cracks at the other. The edging is detached from the pad board on three sides. You can see the state of the pad board in this picture. The thumbstraps are poor and homemade, and the finger rest leathers are worn out.
Wallis Neil Wayne’s account of the early concertina years shows that many of the early makers were originally associated with Wheatstone. A lot of the industry was supplied by small companies, or even individuals, who specialised in making a certain part of the concertina. It was therefore possible for someone to set up as a manufacturer if they had enough knowledge of the suppliers. With the limited information available, it is impossible to produce any real dating information for these smaller manufacturers, other than to note their approximate periods of operation.
The following descriptions give what information I have, using the Horniman collection as a basis, along with some instruments which have recently been offered for sale.
concertina) at 5, Woodbridge Street Clerkenwell see Nickolds entry for this year Rock Chidley produced Ivory ended concertina Sold business to George Case. Concertina labelled ‘Joseph Scates 85, Renshaw Street, Liverpool from New Bond Street’ May 25th Renshaw Street Feb 6th 46, Grafton Street Dublin. Aug. 2nd 21, Somerville Street, Woodside L’pool.
June 05, In: Advanced Concertinas , Anglo Concertinas , Beginner Concertinas , Best Concertinas , Concertina News , Intermediate Concertinas , Irish Concertinas No Comments If you are on the market for a concertina for sale , and unsure of what are the best value anglos out there, the list is endless and reading all the arguments can be quite tedious. Not to mention, some makers have a waiting g time of up to 4 years and the price is quite a lump sum as well.
Unlike cheap concertinas that can put off potential concertina players for life, this instrument provides a great opportunity for students to learn the instrument the best way possible. With Italian Cagnoni reeds this concertina has better volume, and a strong concertina sound. The medium size buttons allow for younger players to learn the instrument easily. Also the Wren concertina has a compact size unlike other bulky concertinas that are difficult to handle and stiff bellows on the draw and push.
The Wren is good for over 10 years but if played regularly expect to be upgrading in less than 3. An English concertina make, this sets it to the higher tier of concertinas. Although the available Lachenal Anglo concertinas are second-hand but the quality it possesses is almost timeless. They are student grade concertinas are far lower than the big names like Wheatstone, Jeffries, etc.
Teaching the English Concertina
A common hornpipe, once through. Some bits of harmony, but not many. Maggie in the Woods Kb An old Irish polka, twice through. A bit of ornamentation the first time through, a bit of harmony and a bit of sloppiness the second time through. The Coulin Kb A “well known” Irish slow air, twice through.
Replacement Action. The action of a concertina is one of the most important parts of the instrument. An instrument with a even balanced action is easier to play.
He also invented instruments of his own. One of the most famous was the Wheatstone concertina. It was a six sided instrument with 64 keys. Chris Timson Original Source: The term English distinguishes Wheat-stone’s invention from the “Anglo” concertina, which rather confusingly Concertina – Wikipedia A concertina is a free-reed musical instrument, like the various accordions and the harmonica. Wheatstone was also the first to patent a Duet concertina, Charles Wheatstone was interested in Included in this section is our range Concertinas and Aeolas and our Conditions of Sale.
Appendix 1: Wheatstone and Lachenal Dates of Manufacture
The systems differ in: Because the concertina was developed nearly contemporaneously in England and Germany, systems can be broadly divided into English, German, and Anglo-German types. To a player proficient in one of these systems, a concertina constructed according to a different system may be quite unfamiliar. The most common concertina systems are listed below.
The list is not exhaustive, as the concertina is not only a venerable and widespread instrument, but also an evolving instrument:
One one end, in an oval aperture in the fretwork can be read “Lachenal & Co, Patent Concertina Manufacturer, London”. At the other end is a serial number, (originally thought to be ), dating it from around
It comes in all shapes, sizes, sounds and styles. It is part of the squeezebox, bandoleon, conzertina, melodeon, accordion, and associated button-box family. The harmonica is also a close member of the family. The concertina is by far the daddy of them all in regard to versatility and complexity. In truth it was created to play far more highbrow music and is sympathetic in musical versatility to the violin.
In the 19th century it would have sat firmly on the pianofortes or sideboards of the upper class. It is an extremely sweet sounding instrument and used to play a variety of music from classical to traditional dance.
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The Internet Appendix 1: Wheatstone and Lachenal Dates of Manufacture “Concertina the result of an accident between two moving vehicles” English – Thai dictionary 1 INTRODUCTION This document is a brief introduction to the concertina.
They have mostly been found in concertina cases with few hints to date them. The approximate dates ascribed to the price lists here are based on internal evidence, as follows: Wheatstone moved from Conduit Street to West Street in , where they remained until after the war. Parts of the operation were moved to other locations around and , but the West Street flagship remained until around The basic postcode areas e. Dates and Events Mentioned: Both pitches were well-established by this period, but Wheatstone changed from to The first English tutor was offered by Wheatstone at 5 shillings, rising to 6 shilings.
For example, model 32 as a key instrument with non-steel reeds is last seen in the Production Ledgers about ; a different model 32, with 39 keys and steel reeds, is first made about The price lists reflect such changes. The traditional model numbers are replaced with a new nomenclature using one digit for size and one letter for system “1E”, “2D”, “3A”, and so forth about , following the war. Additional documents were contributed by Mike Eichner and Jim Lucas.
Promotional brochure and price list, dated This copy is in the collection of the Horniman Museum, no.